Since the foundation of Aveleda, the conversion of an agricultural area into a vineyard was accompanied by the creation of a romantic garden where we can find a great diversity of botanical species. It is in our origin the creation of an environment with great biological heterogeneity, with the commitment to preserve and expand the fauna and flora of our farms.
Preservation of 8 hectares of an imposing and distinctive garden with more than 114 botanical species, including a 300 year old eucalyptus tree.
Development of ecological structures consisting of trees and shrubs of native species in the vineyard borders. These structures increase biodiversity in the vineyard and mitigate some of the effects caused by the intensification of agricultural activities. By 2021, about 3 to 4% of each vineyard was allocated to biodiversity through the borders and headlands.
Stabilization of the soil
In a land with the characteristics of the Douro, the implementation of stone walls and riparian galleries has proved essential. These not only allow the stabilization of the soil and its humidity, but are also important places of shelter for various species of flora and fauna, helping to combat pests in a natural way.
Construction of a pond surrounded by vegetation to meet part of the water needs of the vineyard, while reducing its visual impact and promoting biodiversity.
Aveleda plants 2000 trees every year in its farms.
Integrated Production and Protection
Since 1997, Aveleda is certified at the level of integrated production and protection. This is a guarantee of sustainable agriculture practices, that privilege the rational management of natural resources and the promotion of natural mechanisms for the control of pests in the vineyard.
Precision viticulture is a fundamental line for innovation and digitalization of the sector, as well as an important tool to fight climate change. It consists in the use of PCD (Plan Cell Density) and NDVI (Normalized Difference Vegetation Index) technology for zoning and microzoning of the parcels, allowing to improve agricultural productivity and reduce water and fertilization needs.
Grassing and Sodding
Development of a ground vegetation cover that totally or partially covers the vineyard surface that improves soil structure, provides nutrients to the vines, facilitates water infiltration, and promotes biodiversity. The approach involves natural turfing and/or covering with legumes for their biological fixation and soil fertility benefits.
The use of harvest by-products as mulch to preserve soil conditions, increase the incorporation of organic matter, and control certain weeds. In 2021, this technique was applied in about 53% of the Vinhos Verdes region.